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    Botox for happiness!

    Last updated 5 months ago

    Botox injections may not only make you happy because you look better and more relaxed but it may have more direct anti-depression effects. As noted in the article below and as presented at the Am Acad Dermatol National Meeting March 2014 Denver a mechanism for antidepression response to Botox is proposed wherein Botox prevents frowning and the resulting relaxed to smiling configuration of facial muscles changes signals from the face to the brain and makes the person happy. Thus, by smiling one becomes happy.

    J Psychiatr Res. 2012 May;46(5):574-81. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2012.01.027. Epub 2012 Feb 24.

    Facing depression with botulinum toxin: a randomized controlled trial.

    Wollmer MA1, de Boer C, Kalak N, Beck J, Götz T, Schmidt T, Hodzic M, Bayer U, Kollmann T, Kollewe K, Sönmez D, Duntsch K, Haug MD, Schedlowski M, Hatzinger M, Dressler D, Brand S, Holsboer-Trachsler E, Kruger TH.

    Author information

    Abstract

    Positive effects on mood have been observed in subjects who underwent treatment of glabellar frown lines with botulinum toxin and, in an open case series, depression remitted or improved after such treatment. Using a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial design we assessed botulinum toxin injection to the glabellar region as an adjunctive treatment of major depression. Thirty patients were randomly assigned to a verum (onabotulinumtoxinA, n = 15) or placebo (saline, n = 15) group. The primary end point was change in the 17-item version of the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale six weeks after treatment compared to baseline. The verum and the placebo groups did not differ significantly in any of the collected baseline characteristics. Throughout the sixteen-week follow-up period there was a significant improvement in depressive symptoms in the verum group compared to the placebo group as measured by the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (F((6,168)) = 5.76, p < 0.001, η(2) = 0.17). Six weeks after a single treatment scores of onabotulinumtoxinA recipients were reduced on average by 47.1% and by 9.2% in placebo-treated participants (F((1,28)) = 12.30, p = 0.002, η(2) = 0.31, d = 1.28). The effect size was even larger at the end of the study (d = 1.80). Treatment-dependent clinical improvement was also reflected in the Beck Depression Inventory, and in the Clinical Global Impressions Scale.

    This study shows that a single treatment of the glabellar region with botulinum toxin may shortly accomplish a strong and sustained alleviation of depression in patients, who did not improve sufficiently on previous medication. It supports the concept, that the facial musculature not only expresses, but also regulates mood states.

    Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    Determining What Skin Type You Have

    Last updated 5 months ago

    All skin is not created equal. Skin actually varies greatly from person to person, and in fact, it can vary in individuals over the course of a lifetime. It’s important to discuss your skin type with your dermatologist, since the type of skin you have forms the basis for everything from dermatological treatments to which skincare products work best for you. There are four basic types of skin: normal, dry, oily, and sensitive. You can be one type, or you may have combination skin with different types in different areas. Here is what you need to know.

    Normal Skin

    Normal skin has a good balance of moisture, so it isn’t too oily or too dry. Pores are small and the complexion is clear and radiant. Normal skin also isn’t sensitive. Individuals with normal skin tend to have few skin issues and can use a wide variety of products.

    Dry Skin

    If your complexion is dull and flaky with red patches and visible lines, you have dry skin. Sometimes, people are simply born with dry skin, while medications, tanning beds, aging, and hormonal changes bring it on in other people. Talk to your dermatologist about moisturizers and cleansers that will help boost your skin’s hydration without exacerbating your dryness.

    Oily Skin

    Oily skin is characterized by enlarged pores, shiny complexion, and, in many cases, acne. It can be triggered by hormonal imbalances, stress, and excessive heat. If you have oily skin, resist the urge to wash it frequently. Stick to two times per day. Never pop pimples, which can cause scarring. Ask your dermatologist to recommend non-comedogenic and non-acnegenic skincare products to avoid clogging your pores.

    Sensitive Skin

    Sensitive skin is red, itchy, and dry. It may also burn. Sensitive skin may be genetic or it may be linked to your skincare routine. It is essential that you use very gentle skincare products to clean and moisturize your sensitive skin. Your dermatologist can recommend the right ones for you.

    Make an appointment at Advanced Dermatology & Cosmetic Surgery to learn more about your skin type and to find out how to care for it. Call (866) 608-9531 to set up a consultation with one of our skin doctors. 

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